Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) is a debilitating illness affecting 1 in 10 women during pregnancy. This could have a profound impact on the physical health and psycho-social wellbeing of the woman. This article gives an overview of this health condition and advocates for a holistic approach to the care of HG.
Dr Raja Gangopadhyay
Addressing stress during pregnancy can prevent many complications. This article briefly outlines what is stress, stress symptoms and treatment and if the stress can harm unborn babies.
Before we discuss the impact of the stress during pregnancy, it would be useful to understand some basic aspects of stress.
This article has been kindly written by Dr. Rebecca Moore from the United Kingdom. Dr. Moore is a renowned Perinatal Psychiatrist working in London, with experience spanning over twenty years. Her role incorporates working with and supporting women who have new onset or pre-existing emotional issues through pregnancy and up to a year after birth.
Dr. Moore worked with one of the pioneers of Perinatal Psychiatry, Dr. Liz MacDonald as a trainee in London (UK), and she was inspired to pursue work in the field.
In this article, we would briefly discuss the importance of prenatal attachment (the emotional bond that develops between the parents and the growing fetus during pregnancy). This is an important determinant of the future parenting style and parent-infant attachment, both of which play a vital role in the future social interactions of the child. We would explore which factors can influence this unique parent-fetal relationship during pregnancy.
Before we discuss prenatal attachment/ bonding, it is important to understand some key aspects of attachment.
Pregnancy and initial weeks/ months are a time for a significant psychological change for both parents. Such psychological changes during pregnancy help in the preparation and adaptation for parenthood, self-identity, couple relationship and parent-infant attachment. Moreover, the psychological state of the pregnant woman is dynamic and changes/ fluctuates during every trimester. (Ref)
To make sense of the emotional ups and downs during the pregnancy, it is important to have an understanding of the psychological changes during this vital period. This would also help in detecting and addressing any mental health problems at a very early stage. Sometimes, psychological changes could lead to significant stress too.
There is a common belief that postnatal depression occurs only in women. However, research has shown that fathers can also suffer from what is termed Paternal Postnatal Depression (PPD). In fact, it is though that at least 10% of dads suffer from the condition and the rate is even higher among men whose partners are suffering from postnatal depression.