Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP), formerly known as Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (SPD), is a common health condition during pregnancy. If not properly treated, PGP it can lead to anxiety, depression and poor quality of life for pregnant women. Fortunately, with early intervention and multidisciplinary approach, an excellent outcome is possible.
The Pelvic Girdle is the other name of the pelvis or the pelvic bone. This connects the trunk with the legs and plays an important role in the support and balance of the body. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) refers to pain in the pelvis during the pregnancy and post-childbirth period.
Dr Raja Gangopadhyay has written an article which provides an overview of PGP and its impact on the wellbeing of the mother during the pregnancy and beyond.
As Dr. Gangopadhyay says:
PGP happens due to the instability of the pelvic joints during pregnancy. As a compensatory mechanism, the muscles surrounding these joints (abdominal, pelvic floor, gluteal and para-spinal muscles) work harder. This results in muscle stiffness and pain, resulting in back pain and PGP in pregnancy.
While it may not be possible to prevent PGP entirely, measures can be taken before pregnancy or during early pregnancy to minimise the risk of developing this condition. Women who do experience PGP can benefit from a multidisciplinary approach which improves the existing symptoms, prevents further worsening of the symptoms, and improves their quality of life and wellbeing.